This paper presents simulations of the potential effect of COVID-19-related school closures on schooling and learning outcomes. It considers four scenarios—varying in both the duration of school closures and the effectiveness of any mitigation strategies being deployed by governments.
Starting from the assumption that every additional year of schooling translates to 8 percent in future earnings, this paper estimates and confirms the loss in marginal future earnings on the basis of a four-month shutdown. It also estimates the losses by level of education.
This study compares the learning gains in the eight weeks of school closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland with learning gains in the eight weeks before these school closures
The paper presents the evidence on the potential negative short-term and long-term effects of school meal scheme disruption during Covid-19 globally.